Financial Risks

NORMA Group is exposed to several financial risks, including FX, interest, default, liquidity and commodity risks. The Group’s financial risk management strategy concentrates on the identification, evaluation and mitigation of risks, focusing on minimizing the potential negative impact on the Company’s financial, asset and earnings position. Derivative financial instruments are used to hedge particular risk items.

FX Risks

As a company that operates internationally, NORMA Group is active in 100 different countries and is exposed to the currency risk resulting from various foreign currency positions with regard to the most important currencies, the US dollar, British pound, Chinese renminbi, Indian rupee, Polish złoty, Swedish krona, Czech koruna, Serbian dinar and Singapore dollar.

Taking into account the respective risk-bearing capacity of the subsidiaries, Treasury Risk Management seeks to achieve a reasonable hedging level of net foreign currency risks (as a result of taking foreign currency inflows and outflows into account). Highly volatile net foreign currency risks are thus hedged with increased hedging ratios.

Interest Rate Risks

NORMA Group’s interest rate risk arises from borrowings with variable interest rates. These expose the Group to a cash-flow-related interest rate risk, which is partly offset by hedging transactions (interest rate swaps). As there are currently no signs of a more restrictive monetary policy in the eurozone, NORMA Group classifies the risk of interest rate increases for the euro as unlikely in the short term. In the longer term, however, the risk of interest rate increases is assessed as possible. In view of the current low level of interest rates in the eurozone, however, the opportunities that could arise from a further decline in interest rates are assessed as unlikely.

Group Treasury regularly monitors the risk positions and assesses them with regard to their risk-bearing capacity. If certain risk parameters are exceeded, countermeasures are initiated.

Financial Liabilities - Interest Hedging

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Credit Risks

The risk position with regard to credit risk are monitored regularly. For this purpose, all of NORMA’s connected banks are examined in terms assets with one bank, the bank’s CDS and rating. Assets are mostly cash and cash equivalents, short term investments as well as derivatives with a positive market value. Group Treasury reviews the history of CDS and rating for each and every bank above a critical asset threshold. Furthermore Group Treasury checks the general asset allocation of all assets. If all assets are allocated to banks with BBB it might be useful to shift at least a portion to banks with a better rating.

Liquidity Risks

Liquidity risk management requires the holding of sufficient cash and cash equivalents and market-able securities, the availability of adequate funding through committed credit lines and the ability to close out market positions. Due to the dynamics of the underlying business, Group Treasury strives to maintain flexibility in financing by maintaining the availability of committed credit lines. Main target is to ensure the continuous solvency of the group. At the end of the year 2022 cash and cash equivalents amounted to 168.7 Mio. EUR. In addition, the NORMA Group enjoys a high degree of financial flexibility through a firmly committed revolving credit line with national and international banks with a total of 100 Mio. EUR. This facility was utilized in the amount of 43 Mio. EUR as of December 31, 2022. NORMA Group also has an accordion facility of more than 200 Mio. EUR which has not been committed, but has been negotiated and offers further financial flexibility.

The probability that the liquidity risks will have a negative impact on the activities of the NORMA Group is unlikely due to the high degree of financial flexibility provided by credit lines that have been committed but not utilized yet. The risk that financial covenants will not be met is still considered as highly unlikely due to high profitability and a strong operating cash flow. In the event of short-term increased liquidity requirements exceeding currently negotiated credit lines, the possibilities of raising funds at market conditions are assessed as very good.

Assets per Rating Class (example)

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Assets per Rating Class (example)
CashMTM DerivativesFurther Investments

Commodity Price Risks

The materials NORMA Group uses, in particular the raw materials steel and plastics, are subject to the risk of price fluctuations. The price trend is also influenced indirectly by the further development of the global economic situation as well as by institutional investors.

NORMA Group limits the risk of rising purchase prices through systematic material and supplier risk management. Thanks to a powerful global Group purchasing structure, economies of scale are being used to purchase the most important commodity groups as competitively as possible. This Group purchasing structure also enables NORMA Group to balance out the risks of individual segments with each other. NORMA Group also constantly strives to secure permanently competitive procurement prices by continuously optimizing its selection of suppliers and applying the best-landed-cost approach. The company also tries to reduce dependency on individual materials through constant technological advances and testing of alternative materials. NORMA Group protects itself against commodity price volatility by concluding procurement contracts with a term of up to 24 months, whereby material supply risks are minimized and price fluctuations can be calculated more accurately.


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